Agenda day 1

Improving ISR capabilities and maritime domain awareness in Southeast Asia

To safeguard the maritime domain in Southeast Asia, cooperative information sharing partnerships within and among the ASEAN Member States is necessary. By having a shared awareness of activities occurring within the maritime domain, utilizing new technology and innovative approaches, ASEAN leaders are in a better position to coordinate resources and establish policies that prevent harmful or hostile acts that emanate from the maritime environment and respond to natural or man-made disasters.

Q&A with speakers
Morning break and networking
Common approaches to countering piracy and maritime crimes in the Asia-Pacific: challenges and opportunities

The legal framework for countering piracy and maritime crimes is set out in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982 UNCLOS). It defines piracy and gives every State the right to arrest pirates on the high seas. 1982 UNCLOS is supplemented by several so-called “UN counter-terrorism conventions”, including the 1979 Hostages Convention, the 1988 SUA Convention, the 2005 SUA Protocol, and the 1999 Convention on the Financing of Terrorism. This session will explain the principles in 1982 UNCLOS governing jurisdiction over piracy and other maritime crimes. It will also explain how the UN counter-terrorism conventions can provide a legal basis for cooperation among States in the region to counter piracy and other international crimes at sea.

Building aerial maritime surveillance in Asia: prospects and challenges

This presentation situates the acquisition of aerial maritime patrol and reconnaissance capabilities within the broader maritime forces capacity development in Asia, and highlights the strategic and operational imperatives for building capacity in this specialized area. It also highlights some of the challenges in the process of acquiring such forces.

India’s Initiatives in the Indo Pacific Area for Security and Stability

India is blessed with an excellent central location in the Indian Ocean Region. It is the second largest economy in Asia and is growing steadily. With the long coast line and an EEZ of over two million square kilometers, the need for an effective MDA is inescapable. This is achieved both by technology and by seamless procedures to ensure that another Mumbai type of terror attack from the sea does not take place. India has been investing to have a credible C4ISR structure and have complete situational awareness. The new term now routinely used is Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA). The concept of pushing the borders to the feasible limits outwards can be accomplished by technology, platforms and association. The Maritime security Agencies namely the navy the Coast Guard, and the Coastal Secutrity Group will all operate in the same medium requiring a great degree of collaboration and SOPS. The sophisticated Information Management and Control systems(IMAC) provides some answers to the complex requirement of monitoring the areas of interest to ensure alround MDA.The paper will examine the instruments that have been provided for obtaining a complete maritime picture in real time and be able to respond to emerging threats at extended ranges

Lunch and networking
The Impact of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s Weapon of Mass Destruction – Proliferation Prevention Program in the South China Sea Maritime Security

The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) is an agency within the Department of Defense, USA. It is the official combat support agent that counters Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). The Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) is a program, managed by DTRA, which has a mission to partner willing countries to reduce the threat from WMD. CTR Program focuses on building partner capacity to prevent and deter the proliferation of WMD materials in transit across international borders.

In 2011, the government of Vietnam and USA signed a MOU to deter, detect and interdict illicit trafficking of WMD materials, components, technology, expertise and enhance the Vietnam maritime security capability. By 2016, under the ownership of Vietnam Coast Guard, two areas were equipped with training centers, vessel haul-out, maintenance facilities, law enforcement equipment and training simulation systems. Two more areas will be equipped with similar set up to further enhance the capability.

This presentation discusses the impact of the program implemented in terms of maritime security and regional stability. It will also address the issues faced in the political arena.

Naval Balance of Power in the Indo-Pacific: Evolving or Transient?

Balance of Power and Power Transition are amongst the central concepts on which international and regional structures are based upon. These structures are hierarchical in nature, the established balance of which assures a modicum of stability and peace. Within this hierarchical order reside nations with varying power and influencing capabilities, broadly classified as satisfied and dissatisfied nations. This power transition poses a challenge to the balance of power and the existing international or regional order. The Indo-Pacific is seeing an evolution in the naval capacity and capability of nations as they strive to maintain the desired balance or seek transition to alter the balance of power in their favour. This paper will seek to examine if the balance of naval power in the Indo-Pacific is either evolving or transient.

Afternoon break and networking